Nuwara Eliya is in the center of the hill country. Nuwara means city and Eliya means light in Sinhala. The British found this town in the 19th century. During the British colonial period, this area was developed for a summer retreat since the weather was much cooler than the rest of Sri Lanka,
Still this day, many sites retain features of that period including British style gardens, colonial style hotels such as Grand Hotel, Queen ‘s Cottage, General’s House, Hill Club, Town Post Office and a racetrack. This area is also famous for tea plantations. The British cultivated tea, as this area has the most appropriate environment for a tea making with an altitude of 1,868m. The average weather during the daytime stays around 20 c and in nights drop to 11 c.
Hills around Nuwara Eliya is the home of Ceylon tea. There are many tea estates and factories including Pedro Tea Center established in 1885, Labookellie Tea Centre, and relatively new Blue Field Tea Gardens.
This botanic garden is located on the hill and 28 hectares in extent. It is said that there are more than 10,000 species of flora planted in Hakgala Gardens.
This is a famous golf course constructed in 1889 by British. This 18-hole, 6250 yard, upper level course is conveniently located in the middle of the city.